|16-02-2012, 05:34||#1 (permalink)|
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Atın ingilizce tanıtımı
İngilizce atın özelliklerinin anlatımı
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is a hooved (ungulate) mammal a subspecies of the family Equidae. The horse has evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed creature into the large single-toed animal of today. Humans began to domesticate horses around 4000 BC and their domestication is believed to have been widespread by 3000 BC. Although most horses today are domesticated there are still endangered populations of the Przewalski's Horse the only remaining true wild horse as well as more common populations of feral horses which live in the wild but are descended from domesticated ancestors. There is an extensive specialized vocabulary used to describe equine-related concepts covering everything from anatomy to life stages size colors markings breeds locomotion and behaviour.
Horses' anatomy enables them to make use of speed to escape predators and they have a well-developed sense of balance and a strong fight-or-flight instinct. Related to this need to flee from predators in the wild is an unusual trait: horses are able to sleep both standing up and lying down. Female horses called mares carry their young for approximately 11 months and a young horse called a foal can stand and run shortly following birth. Most domesticated horses begin training under saddle or in harness between the ages of two and four. They reach full adult development by age five and have an average lifespan of between 25 and 30 years.
Horse breeds are loosely divided into three categories based on general temperament: spirited "hot bloods" with speed and endurance; "cold bloods" such as draft horses and some ponies suitable for slow heavy work; and "warmbloods" developed from crosses between hot bloods and cold bloods often focusing on creating breeds for specific riding purposes particularly in Europe. There are over 300 breeds of horses in the world today developed for many different uses.
Horses and humans interact in a wide variety of sport competitions and non-competitive recreational pursuits as well as in working activities such as police work agriculture entertainment and therapy. Horses were historically used in warfare from which a wide variety of riding and driving techniques developed using many different styles of equipmentveterinarians and farriers.
Atın ingilizce tanıtımı konusu, Yabancı Diller / İngilizce forumunda tartışılıyor.
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