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Standart Use Personal Protective Equipment

Use Personal Protective Equipment

It is important for healthcare professionals to properly wear personal protective equipment (PPE). Learn about the

different types of PPE and how to wear them.







Gloves


Plastic Gloves prevent contamination of healthcare

professionals’ hands and help reduce the spread of pathogens only if:




They are used properly; and




Hand hygiene is performed before and after wear.




It’s important to know that gloves do not provide complete protection from hand contamination. That’s why hand hygiene

is so important before and after glove use!




The World Health Organization recommends that you clean your hands and put gloves on:





Before a sterile procedure




When you think you’ll come in contact with blood or another bodily fluid




When you’re going to care for a patient during contact precautions








Take gloves off and clean your hands:




As soon as gloves are damaged or punctured




When your contact with blood or bodily fluid has ended




When your contact with a single patient and his/her surroundings has ended




When there is a need for hand hygiene








Gowns


Disposable Gowns are classified by their ability to

withstand penetration by blood or body fluids. Gowns used in healthcare settings are defined and classified by the

Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation.




An isolation gown is a non-sterile gown used to keep clothing from getting contaminated. These are fluid

resistant enough to keep body fluids away from clothing for a short period of time. Used for care of patients on contact

precautions and for splash-generating procedures. May be disposable or non-disposable.




A procedure gown is a non-sterile usually disposable gown that may be fluid resistant or fluid impermeable

depending on the amount of body fluids involved in the procedure. Some examples where impermeable gowns should be worn

include during endoscopy or assisting in vaginal birth.








Masks and respirators


When worn correctly Disposable Face Masks and N95

respirators protect you from droplets and particles that could be infectious.




A procedure mask (also called an isolation mask) is a disposable mask that protects the wearer from droplets that

might be infectious. A version of this mask with a built-in face shield to protect against splashes is also available.




An N95 respirator is a tight-fitting cover that when properly fitted to the face protects the wearer from very

small particles that float in the air such as TB measles and chickenpox. An N95 respirator is intended to provide more

protection than a procedure mask.








Aprons


Microbial contaminants found on the work clothing of health professionals are a significant factor in cases of

healthcare-associated infections (Wilson et al 2007). Disposable single-use plastic Disposable Aprons are therefore recommended for general clinical

use when close contact with the patient materials or equipment may lead to contamination of uniforms or other clothing with

microorganisms or when there is a risk of contamination with blood or bodily fluids. If there is the possibility of

extensive splashing of blood or bodily fluids onto the skin or clothes of health professionals fluid-repellent full-body

gowns should be worn (Loveday et al 2014).






Apron selection


In England apron selection is to be based on the procedure or task being undertaken. A colour coding system is used:




Yellow – when cleaning isolation areas;




Blue – when undertaking general cleaning including wards and basins in public areas;




Red – when cleaning bathrooms washrooms toilets basins and bathroom floors;




Green – when working in catering departments ward kitchen areas and patient food service at ward level

(National Patient Safety Agency 2007). Local policies should be consulted.








As the name suggests these are Disposable Bibss that are

disposed of immediately after use. They serve the same function as any other adult bib except they are disposable. You just

need to put it on your patient do the required activity and once you are done take it off and dispose of it. Simple right?


These kinds of bibs are commonly made of two materials paper and plastic. The paper part of it is the soft tissue like

part whose main function is to absorb liquids that may spill on it. The same material plastic bags are made of. This material

in the disposable bib gives it its waterproof ability. It is the part of the bib that prevents any liquid substance from

transferring to the client’s clothes.


There are different kinds of disposable bibs and each of them has its unique characteristics. There are the slip-on bibs

which as the name suggests you just slip it on. And there are also those that have ties that are to be tied behind the user’

s neck to secure it in position.
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